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Sample 5. IELTS Essay – Country vs. City – 3 Versions

IELTS TOEFL Writing: Full Comparison Essay (high score)

Sample 1: (compare the advantages and disadvantages of country and city living)

Some people prefer the quiet life of the country. Others prefer the hustle and bustle of city life. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of both choices.

Provide detailed reasons and examples to support your answer.

Economics as focus

There are many elements that define a lifestyle, including one’s surroundings. While some enjoy the peaceful, sedentary life of the countryside, others favor the fast-paced, business-oriented lifestyle found in cities. Needless to say, both options have their positive and negative aspects, especially in terms of cultural, economic and social opportunities.

A city offers its inhabitants a variety of cultural stimuli, such as arts, sports, and international cuisine. A person can go to a museum one day, a basketball game the next, and experience all sorts of ethnic culinary delights all within a few square kilometers. Moreover, city dwellers have more options than country folk when it comes to finding work and securing a good income with which to enjoy these outings. Yet, ironically, this is also the main drawback of living in a city, where the high level of competition in the workforce, as well as the higher costs associated with an urban lifestyle, can be quite stressful and often unfulfilling.

A rural lifestyle, on the other hand, involves different luxuries, such as close-knit communities, deeper relationships, and, for those who want it, a predictability that provides a sense of security and calm. Unlike the urban rat race, small town residents do not feel pressured to fill every free minute with activities; for them, going to a church meeting or rooting for the local sports team at the lone town pub is just as enjoyable as a stadium outing in the city. However, rural living does have its disadvantages, especially when it comes to work, as jobs are scarcer and quite often rely heavily on a single industry. Whereas city dwellers can easily move on from a job loss, small towners may find themselves permanently unemployed should their factory or plant shut down.

In conclusion, the choice of where to live ultimately comes down to one’s personal preferences and priorities. Those who want excitement and don’t mind the stress that comes with it would do better in the city, whereas those who want peace and quiet would do better in the country.

(342)

City and country as focus of each body paragraph

There are many elements that define a lifestyle, including one’s surroundings. While some enjoy the peaceful, sedentary life of the countryside, others favor the fast-paced, business-oriented lifestyle found in cities. Needless to say, both options have their positive and negative aspects, especially in terms of economics.

The main reason city life might seem appealing is the opportunities it affords one, especially in terms of career options. A person in a city has more choices when it comes to work, a greater pool of professionals with whom to network, and a greater target market with which to conduct business. The countryside, on the other hand, is limited in its scope of possibilities. Of course, one can argue that the advent of the internet has made global work possible from anywhere, yet this does not address the need for face-to-face meetings in order to maintain crucial personal business relationships. In fact, some cultures do not consider a deal complete until the parties involved shake hands on it. Thus, being physically isolated from the market can potentially hamper one’s professional success.

On the other hand, rural living offer a peaceful lifestyle, away from the rat race of the city. One can connect with nature, get to know one’s neighbours, and generally enjoy a healthy, quiet, and less expensive existence. One does not have to deal with traffic, noise and air pollution, or competition for space, commodities, and even jobs. Urban living, conversely, demands constant action and expenditures, namely in the form of keeping up with the Jones’. That said, those who choose a rural lifestyle are generally content with simpler, and consequently cheaper, material items and therefore do not need to exert themselves merely for appearances. They do not need a new car every other year, a new phone every few months, or even a glamourous gown for a night out in the city.

To sum up, both city and country living offer attractive lifestyles. To choose one over the other seems more a personal preference based on one’s needs, ambitions, and desires.

(340)

With opinion (Where would you prefer to live? Why?)

There are many elements that define a lifestyle, including one’s surroundings. While some like the peaceful, sedentary life of the countryside, others prefer the fast-paced, business-oriented lifestyle found in cities. Both options have pros and cons, especially in terms of economics, which is why I would choose a big city while young and energetic, and the countryside when I retire. (notice I didn’t actually choose one over the other but rather both at different times of life)

The main reason city life seems more appealing at a younger age is the career opportunities it affords one. A city dweller has more choices when it comes to work, a greater pool of professionals with whom to network, and a greater target market with which to conduct business. The countryside, on the other hand, is limited in this scope. Of course, one can argue that the internet has made global work possible from anywhere, yet this does not address the fact that in some cultures a deal is not complete until the parties involved shake hands on it. Thus, being physically isolated from the market can potentially hamper one’s professional success.

On the other hand, rural living offers a more peaceful lifestyle away from the rat race of the city. One can connect with nature, get to know one’s neighbours, and generally enjoy a healthy, quiet, and less expensive existence. One does not have to deal with traffic, noise and air pollution, or competition for space, commodities, or jobs. Urban living, conversely, demands constant action and expenditures, especially for appearances. Those who choose a rural lifestyle, meanwhile, are generally content with simpler, and consequently cheaper, material items and do not need a new car every other year or a glamourous gown for a night out. As such, it seems a perfect fit for retirement, when one would rather sit on the porch listening to crickets than in an apartment with the blare of sirens outside.

With the above in mind, my ideal lifestyle choice would be a combination of both urban and rural living. While in the prime of my life, I could work in the city and thus be able to afford, in my later years, the quiet life of the country.

(354)