The topic sentence is one of the most important tools of writing a well-organized and clear essay. In the IELTS and TOEFL essays, the topic sentence is also a crucial part of your writing, as graders are looking for your ability to set up and organize the body paragraphs clearly for the reader.
In this video, we look at some dos and don’ts of writing a topic sentence, how to construct a good one, and what mistakes to avoid. We will look at some examples of good and not-so-good topic sentences.
Remember, the topic sentence is a key part of the cohesion & coherence score.
One of the possible infographics you will need to summarize for the IELTS Academic writing test (Task 1) will be in the form of a table. This may be tricky because there is no visual aid to help you see movement, changes, similarities or differences, and so on.
You can approach a table in the same way you would a graph or chart: look for highs, lows, common features, differences, etc.
In this video, I walk you through a table report with a sample and full summary.
Writing complex sentences with proper structuring and grammar tools—this is a sentence fragment because it does not have a complete independent clause. Unlike the run-on sentence, which has two or more clauses improperly joined or separated, the sentence fragment or incomplete sentence is lacking essential components. In this essay, we will look at how to recognize an incomplete sentence and how to fix one. Don’t lose points in your IELTS or TOEFL writing section for this simple error. This will cost you points in both the grammar category and the cohesion category.
A very common error many writers make, both native and non-native English users do this, is the run-on sentence. On the IELTS or TOEFL exams, this error can hurt your score in both the grammar and the cohesion & coherence categories. While many people think a run-on sentence is just a very long sentence, this is not the case. In this video, we look at how to recognize this mistake and how to fix it using a period, a coordinating conjunction, or a semicolon.
By the way, the first sentence above is a run-on sentence. To fix it, place the middle independent clause in parentheses ().